Pi_maniye or pishmaniye is a Turkish sweet made by blending flour, which is then roasted in butter and pulled into fine strands of sugar. It is garnished with ground pistachio nuts. Although the texture is similar to cotton candy, both differ in preparation methods and ingredients used. The earliest Turkish reference to pi_maniye is a recipe by _irvani, a physician from the 1430s. The Persian form pashmak, which is the origin of the Turkish name pi_maniye, occurs in the poetry of the Iranian poet Ebu Ishak, also known as Bushak. "Pashm" in Persian means wool, and "Pashmak" means wool-like.