Pismaniye or pishmaniye is a Turkish sweet made by blending flour, which is then roasted in butter and pulled into fine strands of sugar. It is garnished with ground pistachio nuts. Although the texture is similar to cotton candy, both differ in preparation methods and ingredients used. The earliest Turkish reference to pismaniye is a recipe by a physician from the 1430s. The Persian form pashmak, which is the origin of the Turkish name pismaniye, occurs in the poetry of the Iranian poet Ebu Ishak, also known as Bushak (d. 1423 or 1427). "Pashm" in Persian means wool, and "Pashmak" means wool-like.